To the readers who have visited this page to learn more about eco-friendly living.
I want to say thank you.
As of December, my word press site will be no longer! If you want to find me before December to visit me at the self-managed site. I’ll be temporarily at http://www.aboveamazon.com. I’ve decided to also stop using this domain name! Since the name above amazon doesn’t represent the cause well enough! My goal is to give an educated perception of the way the world has run. Explore the facts and give the goods to you in a way that makes sense. Without an understanding, it’s so hard to know where to begin while we shop consciously! I also want to give you the goods on the products that will help us make the planet a better place. It’s a simple recipe that I hope ya’ll find delicious enough to keep coming back and reading more! I plan to launch a new domain name; http://www.ecobabe.ca!! I’m super excited about the plans for the new year and in the meantime, I’ll continue writing. Please check out my newest post on How glass makes an impact in your life in the link below.
Our greatest accomplishment has been the creation of the world’s largest network. A network of goods and services that have weaved into everyone’s life on Earth. But it seems that this very existence has produced a by-product. The increase in greenhouse gases has driven temperatures to soar. Global warming is a worldwide phenomenon and scientists are looking at environmental records. It’s hard to keep the books! If there isn’t a foundation.
When you think of all the diversity in the world, all the knowledge we’ve retained along the way. There’s been enough time for our civilization to deliver new scientific findings. Our generation is in an information age and we’re loving it! Since Global warming is threatening life on Earth it’s a relief that we have Science. Science has given us the facts that can give us the cutting edge we need to change. When we need to change. We hope.
GLOBAL WARMING AND SCIENCE
Graphs are what scientists use to show information easily. Up until now, the media has shown only one temperature graph. The hockey stick graph is the one that has garnered attention. The only one that’s heralded as the most accurate and the truth! The one which has escalated our state of panic and increased our consciousness for the fight in global warming. We’re asked to panic, change our actions, and lower the carbon footprint!
Recently there has been a call to unite behind the Science! Greta Thunberg, a notorious Climate activist has influenced millions! She says,
“Do our own homework and then we’ll realize that we need a new way of thinking.”
So, like anyone looking to learn and do their part in the fight against global warming, I try.
I try to keep my mind open to different scientific opinions. Educated opinions that have significant value in the fight to reduce global warming. Then along the way, something surprises me! I learn about a Canadian Professor with his own Climate graph! Though, I had assumed there was only one!! Yet, it makes sense there would be more than one! There are many climatologists actively publishing historical temperatures!
MANN VS BALL
These Scientists have worked to create a larger historical picture of the Earth. Generations of painstaking hours in research and testing passed down. However, instead of coming together to study the differences and outcomes of opposing data. Scientists are dragging each other down, discrediting and even name-calling!
Two such Scientists with differing opinions in Historical Climatology have fought in the Supreme court recently. Michael Mann and Tim Ball they’ve both studied climate change and its effects on human history.
The graph below shows just how different the studies have turned out to be. Michael Mann’s graph shows that global temperatures have been fairly constant through time except for the most recent past. The telltale hockey stick graph shows how temperatures have recently soared into unchartered territory.
Tim Ball’s version shows quite a different picture where he found the past was subject to many variations in temperature both high and low. He paints the picture of Midevil times being quite a bit hotter than today`s temperatures. The “anti-alarmist” say that Mann’s graph has defied the Intergovernmental Panel (IPCC) on Climate change.
They state the IPCC’s previous assessment on historical temperatures also had warmer and cooler periods. But, as of 2001, the IPCC only supports Michael Mann’s graph. They support the graph because it shows the human-caused rise in CO2 levels. Plus, Mann was their Lead Author in the IPCC third assessment report. Did representation of temperatures ever come from a Proxy graph at the IPCC
The Proxy graph was created by different researchers and represents their efforts in different color lines. This graph shows the warming trend in Mideviel times and the little ice age that occurred directly afterward. Climate proxies are measurements gathered from the tree rings, coral, ice core samples and Stalactites. It’s another way for scientists to gain more knowledge of past temperatures. In times when no one was using thermometers!
The method of using a Climate proxy is not as accurate as using a thermometer. This is why there are always variations in climate graphs. Its the only way to gain insight into historical temperatures from thousands of years ago
TRIALS AND CONSEQUENCES
The opposition between Mann and Tim Ball brought my attention to Ball’s graph. He sued Dr. Tim Ball in the British Columbian Supreme court. In 2011, the renowned Scientist sued him and a Canadian think tank called Frontier Center for Public Policy for defamation of character. What triggered the lawsuit was Tim Ball’s statement “Mann belongs in the State Pen, not Penn State.” Ball asserts that this statement was said in an attempt to get Mann to show his math.
However, throughout the eight-year trial, Mann did not release his data. The judgment was passed down as the judge felt the case was neither proved nor disproved. Mann showed bad faith, therefore the courts ruled in favor of Ball awarding him legal costs. Mann plans to appeal the decision and the court case could go on!
They’ve both worked tirelessly to map out temperatures in an effort to decipher if the world has ever been this warm. A path science blazed in order to understand our atmosphere. Not one man is 100% right in the Science of climatology but many are close. The outcome suggests humans are responsible for the increase in CO2 levels. 97-98% of Climate Scientists believe that global average surface temperatures have risen in the past century.
The trouble with consumerism is it’s superficial. We’re not really educated on who to support. We’re totally spoiled because we can buy anything, from anywhere, by just a click of a button. Our shopping has recently grown and evolved. The rise of population, production, and propulsion has interconnected people and products. This post is for the shoppers that want to shop consciously and make a difference in the world.
If you haven’t heard the name Mondelez International here’s your chance. Why would you want to learn about this company? Maybe because it has some of the most powerful and iconic brands in the world. Or maybe because it helps to know how large corporations are conducting business.
Either way who really has the time to do research on what these companies are up too? Not many people would put the time in when life is busy and time is so precious. I want to make it easier for readers to stop in, read a good post, and take whatever tidbit with you!
WHO IS MONDELEZ INTERNATIONAL?
Founded in 1923, and formally known as the National Dairy Products Corporation. An entrepreneur named Thomas McInnereny went to the banks for financing his vision. His plan was to consolidate the fragmented ice cream industry. Therefore, he joined his company with Edward Rieck’s dairy company. Together they convinced the banks to invest in a roll-up strategy. In order to monopolize the ice cream industry, they quickly acquired 55 dairy businesses.
Mondelez International is now an American multinational confectionery company. Its sole responsibility has been to feed generations delicious snacks! They’re sweet and salty treats are brands that we’ve all grown up eating. From Oreos to Ritz crackers, they operate making 26 billion dollars a year in 160 countries.
I’ve chosen to highlight this company because they monitor their carbon footprint. According to their website, they’re working to set achievable goals for 2020.
These science-based goals help to limit climate change to less than 2 degrees. Included in this plan is the reduction of CO2 emissions by 15% equalling the amount of 240,000 tonnes a year. They’re not doing this alone. They hired a group of people dedicated to keeping them on track, god willing!
CDP Disclosure Insight Action is a non-profit group working with investors, companies, and cities. They understand the need for urgent action to build a sustainable economy. Given that I’m glad to see there’s a third party looking out for the general public. It would be too easy for a company to sugarcoat the truth. Don’t mind the pun!
Furthermore, the short term plan is to reduce packaging by 65,000 tonnes. Plus, the paper sourced will come from recyclable paper found from sustainable sources. Although this may be true they’ve also said they no longer want to support verified non-deforested sources in their packaging.
DEFORESTATION IN THE INDUSTRY
However, they`re part of a pool of 1050 corporations deemed to have a significant impact on forests. In 2018 they did not disclose or remain transparent when it came to the deforestation of forests around the world. In fact, they`ve declined to disclose their impacts in the past three years.
Global forests are losing 5 million hectares a year which is 15 football fields a minute. Companies like Mondolez use commodities such as palm oil that drive the deforestation.
The problem with deforestation is that it if we lose our trees then less CO2 can be absorbed. CDP data shows that 83% of corporate targets regarding deforestation are until 2020. Only 14% of deforestation targets have been extended beyond the year 2020.
Moreover, companies reported 30 billion dollars in losses due to the destruction of forests. Between crop failures, forest fires, and regulatory change it’s all taking a toll on business as usual. It’s crazy to think that the problem, which can be solved, is mostly ignored.
In spite of, Mondolez has created the Harmony program, which involves 1,700 farmers, 13 Millers, and cooperatives across 6 markets. The program promotes biodiversity, conserves water and cares for the soil. For ten years, the program has reduced the use of pesticides in fields and farmers have planted 1026 Hectares of flowers. The flowers are responsible for maintaining bee populations. They also support 30 species of butterflies.
Below are the brands that Mondolez controls. By purchasing these items you are supporting their programs and policies that offer both positive and negative impacts on the environment. The question is do you think the positives outweigh the negative? If the negatives are too much to take then what will you do to make a change?
Cadbury’s Dairy Milk chocolate,
Chips Ahoy cookies,
Enjoy Life Foods.
Premium Ritz Crackers.
Sour Patch kids,
Even though, their website paints a rosy picture telling us their story of corporate responsibility. Their efforts, through CPD, show some kind of transparency. But, their old ways and habits have been found hard to break.
HOW YOU CAN MAKE A CHANGE
We have the best chances now to make a large impact. With all the tools and education on the world wide web, we can use it to make a difference. Use my website as a bulletin for your conscious shopping needs because my goal is to make your job easier as a consumer.
A Sustainable economy is a thoughtful process developed and planned to change the world. It must be remembered that we’ve got to take the time out to plan for the future. It could be something as simple as baking your own cookies. Since baking reduces the amount of packaging used, plus it reduces the reliance on palm oil.
Every one of us has an obligation to make the world better off than we left it. Many people pour themselves into their family, work or volunteer life. But, sustainable lives requires the same thoughtful mindfulness each day. What are you going to do to minimize the impact of your carbon footprint?
To learn more about this topic please click the links below:
Think back to the last birthday parties held for your kids. Remember how many plastic cups, cutlery, and mounds of packaged waste were thrown away?. We can’t recycle plastic-coated paper plates with those cute designs. There were too many times we didn’t wash plastic cutlery or glasses before putting them into the recycle bin. Definitely not a sustainable birthday party.
I love a good party and who doesn’t want to throw them at the park, a beach or the swimming pool! So, if you’re like me and you think it’s easier to buy the single-use kind then you’re like most people! But since generations have gone with this same approach it’s time to make a change.
About one month before the date of my son’s fifth birthday. I decided to look at ways to make a sustainable birthday party. Fortunately, there are many alternatives to single-use cups, plates, and cutlery.
I had no trouble finding the perfect ice cream cone-shaped glasses. These are reusable for the next year and imagine the colors that pop with the different flavors like grape, or orange.
The dollar store had sets of four glasses for $4.00, I purchased 16 glasses and paid…. $16! Think that’s expensive? You can buy Plastic reusable cups on Amazon for the same price!
There are two problems buying reusable plastic cups.
Firstly, the cartoon birthday cups available at most birthday parties become outdated the following year. In fact, the idea of reusing the same cup to a kid who believes it’s uncool to reuse Paw Patrol won’t happen!
Secondly, buying plastic is another donation towards the world’s problem in plastic pollution. The great thing about glass is it’s neutral, no conversation needed! Glass disintegrates by wind, water or fire and eventually disappear like sand.
I purchased mason jars for the adults, unthreaded the lid and set them up in three neat rows. These jars can also be bought at the store for $1.00 each and I have a plan to reuse them! I am new at this sustainable game and have realized my approach to shopping has to change.
So, I plan to take the 24 jars I purchased for my son’s birthday and bring them to the store. Instead of buying plastic prepackaged food I will shop in the bulk section with my own containers.
I looked online for biodegradable plates. There are some great options in the flatware department. I decided to go with the Wheat straw version since the production doesn’t use trees and it’s compostable. No dishes, no fuss and a great thing for the environment!
But, one day while on Twitter I decided to pat myself on the back. A fellow twitterer had tweeted.
“When the US was attacked during the second world war no one asked, Can we afford to fight the war? It was an existential matter. We could not afford not to fight it. The same goes for the climate crisis.”
I soon realized the respondee didn’t totally agree with my statement! She replied,
Yes, continue changing daily habits, as I and many others have been doing for years: buying as little as possible, not flying, thermostat down in winter, and in summer, avoid disposable versions of anything,….etc.
And we already are in a crisis.
It was her opinion I shouldn’t use single-use plates! I thought to myself, she didn’t have the whole story. I’m convinced she would feel different if she knew it was a picnic! There are definitely different levels of the spectrum in environmental friendliness. Well, how can I make a picnic in the park even better? She had made a good point.
I still hadn’t figured out what to do with the cutlery situation. I can choose friendly single-use options like wheatgrass, avocado seed, or corn starch. Most picnics use plastics so this is better, right? However, after second thought, maybe not. It turns out buying single-use options costs more than renting cutlery at the local event equipment store! I don’t worry about cleaning them, I don’t throw them away, and it’s reused again and again. For $3.50 a dozen I could rent them for less than what it would cost to buy them!
Other elements at a Birthday party, of course, include the decorations! Table decorations don’t have to be plastic or glass. I decided to go with fruit! Its summertime and fruits are easy to come by. Cherries, strawberries, watermelon, and peaches are in season here in British Columbia. I used straw around the fruit and sprinkled edible stars on the table. The kids loved to eat them. They love to eat sprinkles!
It takes some thought when planning a child’s sustainable birthday party. Even though I’d prepared many elements of the birthday party the gifts given to my son had so much plastic and styrofoam. As a Mother, I wouldn’t deprive him of having toys. I’m sure you’d feel the same way! I’m hoping next year an idea will come up that would give him the joy of opening a package, not at the expense of the environment!
A dinner table is a place where important conversations happen. Quality family time is spent here, business deals are made and romance is sparked! It’s important to talk about the things that matter at this time because life gets in the way. We don’t have the opportunity to have long meaningful conversations. But dinner time it’s supposed to be a time when families and friends reconnect.
What could be more stimulating than having a conversation about Climate Change? When I talk about Climate change to those around me I swear their eyes glaze over. There is an indifferent air about what’s happening to our environment. It’s easy to misunderstand what’s happening to our planet. I hear questions like, well what happened in the past? Hasn’t the Earth been this warm before? Thankfully we have scientists that can help answer these questions.
One-third of Canadians don’t believe that it’s humans or industry which has changed the Climate. According to the Abacus Data Poll, they’re leery because they feel it’s an opportunity for the government. For example, the Canadian Carbon tax is not very popular. They believe it’s just another reason to tax normal people, just another way to collect money.
THE WHISTLE BLOWERS
But, it now seems there’s a big enough change which has sparked Meteorologists to speak up. Many believe Science is not convincing enough. Maybe these people are the whistleblowers the world needs! This is another way to begin the conversation in Climate change. After all, if we’re not talking about the problem than we won’t be able to solve it. The big question for these Meteorologists, is when does it stop being a fluke and begin to be a trend?
In fact, there are twenty-six thousand independent references to the fact that the climate is changing. The length and intensity of heat waves have risen and bird populations have changed migration patterns. A 63-year study observed 96 species of migrant birds. The findings show they’ve altered their arrival and departure dates. They’ve done this to adjust for the increase in temperatures. Is this the Canary in the coal mine?
WE’RE FREE TO HAVE OPINIONS BUT CAN’T ESCAPE THE FACTS
What will it take for everyone around the world to take notice? The problem with weather is that everyone has their own climate bubble. We look out the window take note of the weather. Then decide if we need to wear a coat or a sweater. The seasons and our knowledge of the weather are very localized. We can learn more about weather events on television. However, snapshots of these weather patterns won’t tell the whole story. This brief encounter doesn’t give us the knowledge we need to decide if a change is warranted.
I have outlined the best experiments that deliver the truth about climate change. There is already significant evidence that we are shifting the world’s temperatures. The creation of Green House Gases is pretty much 9th-grade science! If the air inside the Earth continues to heat up than the ground cannot stay cool.
In 1824 an experiment concluded that the air in the atmosphere has the ability to keep the earth cool or hot. John Tyndall an Irish scientist was the first to discover the experiment and explain air. He used a sensor to measure the temperatures of two sources of heat. Two fires were lit on opposite sides of the tube. He then used gases within the tube to study the reactivity.
He found Nitrogen and Oxygen didn’t change in the presence of heat. However, he found Carbon dioxide and water vapor gas is reactive when exposed to heat. The result of the experiment shows that CO2 traps heat. It’s the ability to absorb and re-emit energy which causes the Green House Effect.
Scientists are able to measure the quantities of CO2 in the atmosphere. Infrared imaging can show levels of Carbon dioxide. This image looks like the swirling existence of gas found around the world. They’ve developed a bell curve or keeling curve to study the levels. It suggests we’ve experienced a recent steep incline in CO2.
Moreover, scientists are acquiring data from the Antarctic ice sheet. Expeditions are drilling deep into the ice bed that has taken years, to decipher data. It tells us how much CO2 has been present in our atmosphere for the past 800,000 years. These Ice pockets found in drilled samples have trapped gases. A snapshot in time of what CO2 levels and our climate looked like thousands of years ago!
IT’S GETTING HOT IN HERE!
They can also measure the history of temperatures in the lines found on clam shells. The clamshells grow every year and can live up to 500 years. Thus, the study from Bangor University was able to decipher 1000 years of Marine climate. Together the recorded graph of temperature and Carbon dioxide are similar. This shows that the relationship of the rise and fall of CO2 correlates with the rise and fall of temperatures.
Scientists found we’ve released 37.1 billion tonnes of CO2 from fossil fuels in 2018. The CO2 from fossil fuel has a distinct chemical fingerprint in the atmosphere. So Scientists can predict that the majority of the current warming trend is caused by ourselves.
A tree can absorb up to 48 pounds of Carbon Dioxide a year. All of the trees on Earth are currently soaking up a quarter of the CO2 that we release into the air. Without trees, we would be in a worse state than we are now! Trees keep the ground cooler and so do the oceans. Oceans are absorbing heat molecules that dominate the climate. A staggering ninety percent of the heat we’re releasing is being soaked into Oceans. But, this cannot continue. The consequences of heating up the Ocean is catastrophic to Oceanic life.
TIME FOR CHANGE
I think a good dinner conversation now and then would be what families need. After all, if we’re not talking about it at the dinner table then chances are it won’t come up. Our planet didn’t come with a owners manual and we’re changing the balance of our atmosphere. An experiment like this has never been done in 40 million years! I know we’re clever enough to fix it. It’s the effort by everyone that needs to happen that scare me the most! Can EVERYONE in Canada change their routines, habits, and lives?
How does a shopper find out if the product they’re looking at doesn’t contain modified ingredients? After all, the DNA of major food crops are now very different from the food of our ancestors. Scientists have created genetic combinations with plants, animals, viruses, or bacterial genes. These combinations can’t be found in Nature or traditional cross-breeding methods. The purpose of altering the DNA of a seed’s genes is not to promote greater seed diversity. In contrast, it is made to do things like help the farmer use the chemical Roundup. The biotechnology companies deem genetically modifying safe (GMO). Consequently, mandatory labeling is not required in the grocery store.
Imagine how hard it would be for one company to make a product that doesn’t contain them! They’re in ingredients like amino acids, alcohol, aspartame, ascorbic acid, citric acid, and high fructose corn syrup. The list goes on! It’s pretty much in everything unless it’s Non-Gmo certified. The reason you’d search for a brand which does not contain a GMO is to support diverse business practices. It’s not cool to support one company’s mission to own patent rights to our food stock!
THE PROBLEM WITH GENETICALLY MODIFIED INGREDIENTS
The farmers that use this seed are reaping the benefits of adequate weed control. Yet, their health is suffering for it. The Canadian Census of Health and Environment Cohort conducted a study. They’ve studied a pool of 70,500 agricultural workers. From these workers, a total of 9515 (about 1 in 7) were subjects of cancer. The study found the use of pesticides is the root cause of hematopoietic cancers, such as Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma. So even though the pesticides and herbicides make their jobs easier, it`s also killing them. So, if you find your self buying a product with a non-GMO sticker! You’re supporting the health of a Farmer!
Another good reason to support organic certified products? It benefits your own health too! Unfortunately, the only verification that GMO is safe is from the companies responsible for the biotechnology itself. Moreover, 300 scientists, Physicians, and Scholars released this statement in 2015. “The consensus of GMO safety in the media was falsely perpetuated.” The Biotech companies engineer their own reports which suggest we`re all going to be ok! However, it’s hard to trust a company that market their products to gain greater profits. That’s just marketing!
THE HONEST PROJECT
The National Bioengineered food disclosure standard isn’t required to label meat eggs or dairy. Why are these foods subject to genetically modified organisms? Surely the quality of the livestock feed isn’t poor. In fact, there are some reports that feed contains animal meat or even plastic! In particular, the two most important ingredients in the feed today are corn and soybeans. Plus oats, wheat, and rice which is also grown by farmers using modified seeds.
For this purpose, the Non- GMO project tracks the DNA of foodstuff which enters into the supply chain. It also has the arduous task of tracing the stock from animal feed and inputs of textiles. They have laboratories that test major and minor ingredients for intact DNA. The majority of food in stores today do not need disclosure. So, the Non-GMO project is the only verification process available to consumers. They are working to give everyone the right to know what is in their food.
The following foods are also grown with genetically modified seeds:
Many studies have not been able to detect the DNA or protein from GMO crops in animal products. So food companies are not able to test these products to determine if the animal was fed feed from GM crops.
I’ve listed three dairy companies that have tried to provide Non-GMO options for an unsuspecting consumer.
BEN AND JERRYS
Firstly, we have Ben and Jerry’s nondairy ice cream which wins the medal for a non-GMO product! They’ve created it with almonds and have found the secret to keeping their ice creams great tasting!
11 flavors fall into the zone
Chocolate caramel cluster
Coffee caramel fudge
Chocolate cookie dough
Caramel almond brittle
Chocolate fudge brownie
B&J’s supports Fridays for Futures. They also believe that climate change is a big problem. They’ve put their pints of ice-cream on an endangered list due to global warming. Cocoa beans and nuts like almonds, pistachios, pecans, walnuts and coffee production will begin to suffer. Hot weather without cold spells will mark a time when production will decrease and prices for the commodity will increase.
Since 2002 they’ve launched a carbon offset program for their manufacturing facilities. Then in 2007, they created a global warming campaign. B&J’s teamed up with David Mathews to help send the message! Climate change will change life as we know it! They have a long history in the fight to raise awareness of climate change! This company also strongly believes in fair trade with farmers. They’ve sourced five major ingredients from farmers that treat people well. Cocoa, Sugar, Vanilla, Coffee, and Bananas all come with a certification of good ethics and great taste.
Next, Activia yogurt is a brand name you can look for while searching for a GMO-free product. These are the 9 flavors that are not labeled on the package as GMO-free. However, they’re found on the Verified website:
Acai berry, blueberry
In addition, Activia’s parent company Danone is part of the Certified B Corporation this organization knows that the world’s problems cannot be solved by governments and nonprofit organizations alone. The B Corp. “envisions an economy as a force for good.” Their shared core beliefs come from the idea that businesses must be the change the world seeks. They run businesses in a way where no harm is done, above all else, including profits. To do this they follow a principle that each company is interdependent upon one another. Thus responsible for one another and future generations.
Finally, Oikos Triple zero boasts zero preservatives, zero artificial sweeteners, and zero fat. There are 14 flavors that don’t contain GMOs.
Oikos’s also has a new Organic line with both plain and vanilla flavors. Danone the parent company committed to becoming Carbon neutral as of 2050! From farms to facilities they are the first of 100 companies that align their carbon trajectory with the Paris agreement. Equally important, a nonprofit initiative will govern the science-based target they intend to meet. Not only do they monitor their progress they’ll help them stay on track to reach their goal.
They also plan to take responsibility for their packaging by switching their current plastic packaging to Biomass bottles. However, not all biomass plastic degrades. It’s projected that the plastic industry is leaning into bio-based plastics that still won’t biodegrade properly. The biomass plastic in many cases will only degrade in higher temperatures. So, there won’t be enough heat to make the biomass disappear when it’s dumped into the ocean.
These brands are doing what’s right for our health and the environment. It’s important that we support them when we’re shopping in the dairy aisle. Next time you’re at the grocery store and reach for your favorite dairy product you’ll know more about the ones too trust. You’ll know which brands have taken corporate responsibility to the next level. A place where corporate profits don’t rule the board meetings. They’ve taken social causes to the heart of their business.
So my preschooler has finally “graduated”… yep! the word is slightly ambiguous but the thought and the community around it was quite touching! I like to think of it as a preschool participation party. A farewell to the kids that spent the last two years together. Very sweet!! One of the events that led up to the dinner was a pizza and poster night! My husband and I showed up armed with a few photos not really knowing what to expect. When we arrived I realized that each family received their own poster paper. They provided all the materials; glitter felt, stickers, glue, and metallic paper. I’m a creative person so quickly took charge! After about an hour I had successfully completed the poster. A proud mama moment. At that moment I felt accomplished and thought it looked pretty good! I looked at it again when we got home and thought…all this glitter, all this plastic. How long would it last? Well, I guess it depends. When Jacob has grown up the glitter will be. Once his children are born the stickers will also be… Yet, this poster will be long gone.